A Brief History of Giclee Printing

Giclee (pronounced “zhee-klay”) is really a expression used to explain ink jet printing at its greatest level. The word “giclee” was initially considered and utilized by Jack Duganne, a printmaker with Nash Models in California. It was in 1991. In those days the only real ink jet ink jet printers were created by Scitex. Scitex made Iris ink jet ink jet printers mainly for that pre-press marketplace for producing proof prints. Iris ink jet printers were high-finish, costly ($30k and greater) ink jet printers able to creating color accurate prints of high resolution. Jack Duganne and Nash Models modified these ink jet printers to create top quality print reproductions. He didn’t such as the negative associations of “ink-jet” or “computer-produced”, so “giclee” arrived to use. The Iris print had outstanding quality but weren’t archival in almost any sense. Now, Iris technologies are considered obsolete, however, you may still look for a couple of photo labs still offering Iris prints.

It did not take lengthy for bigger companies (Epson, Canon, Hewlett packard) to begin developing their very own ink jet ink jet printers. For the majority of the 90s these were chasing after Iris ink jet quality. All were 4-color (CMYK dye ink) ink jet printers with relatively low print resolution. Most ink jet printers including large format ink jet printers printed at 300dpi or fewer. Archival quality was still being poor. These ink jet printers were cheap in comparison to to buy a Iris printer. Additionally they didn’t require the necessity of a print specialist to keep and run the Iris printer.

Today, both Epson and Canon make fantastic ink jet printers that greatly exceed paper resolution, color gamut, and archival qualities from the original Iris printer. Many use 6-color, 7-color, 10-color, as well as 12-color print heads able to aiming themselves, cleaning themselves, and paying for just about any clogged mister nozzles. Color ink put into the conventional CMYK ink aid in increasing the amount of computer colors, enhances apparent resolution, and enables for far better color gradients. Many ink jet printers are now using stable pigmented ink rather than dye ink. A multitude of print media has become available, including various paper textures and finishes, a number of watercolor papers, canvas media, vinyl, as well as metals like copper and steel.

Artists are now able to use ink jet printing to create top quality reproductions of the original artwork, professional photographs, or computer produced art. They don’t have to depend around the pre-press labs any longer where setup costs are compensated plus needing to print 500 or even more copies at the same time after which learn how to sell these. Many artists now buy and operate their very own ink jet ink jet printers of numerous dimensions to have complete control from the printing process. The artist can print then sell each print individually in compliance with demand.